Anthocyanins are phytochemicals that form pigments present in dark red, blue, and purple fruits and vegetables. There are almost 650 different anthocyanins that have been identified in plants. They act as protective and anti-inflammatory chemicals to help plants remain resilient under the stress of weather changes and changes in soil nutrient balance. Scientists are discovering that many of these anthocyanins are bioactive, or have health promoting properties in humans as well. When you are eating a blueberry or a black bean, you are not just eating a food with carbohydrates, protein, fat, and vitamins, but a nourishing vehicle for phytochemicals that can enhance your health.